加爾文相信「有限代贖論」嗎?(3)

加爾文主義這個神學體系冠以宗教改革家加爾文(John Calvin)之名,但加爾文本人是否屬於加爾文主義呢? 我們就以「有限代贖」為例,作點簡單的說明。

定義:「有限代贖」(Limited Atonement),又稱為「特定救贖」(Particular Redemption),是加爾文主義五要點(通常簡稱為 TULIP)的第三點。 意思是「主耶穌在十字架上的死,雖然足以(sufficient)拯救所有人,但只是對蒙揀選的人有效(efficient)。 」或者說,十字架的死雖然足以使所有人都得著救恩的益處,但神卻定意只給祂所揀選的人。

 

摘錄自加爾文(John Calvin)著,《加拉太書註釋》,五12

加拉太書五12:「恨不得[他們]⋯⋯把自己割絕了。」

⋯⋯這位使徒應該是願意所有人都得救,沒有一個人滅亡的⋯⋯因為神的旨意是要我們尋求所有人——毫無例外地——得救,因為基督是為全世界的罪而受苦的。⋯⋯

12. Would that they were even cut off. His indignation proceeds still farther, and he prays for destruction on those impostors by whom the Galatians had been deceived. The word, “cut off,” appears to be employed in allusion to the circumcision which they pressed. “They tear the church for the sake of circumcision: I wish they were entirely cut off.” Chrysostom favours this opinion. But how can such an imprecation be reconciled with the mildness of an apostle, who ought to wish that all should be saved, and that not a single person should perish? So far as men are concerned, I admit the force of this argument; for it is the will of God that we should seek the salvation of all men without exception, as Christ suffered for the sins of the whole world. But devout minds are sometimes carried beyond the consideration of men, and led to fix their eye on the glory of God, and the kingdom of Christ. The glory of God, which is in itself more excellent than the salvation of men, ought to receive from us a higher degree of esteem and regard. Believers earnestly desirous that the glory of God should be promoted, forget men, and forget the world, and would rather choose that the whole world should perish, than that the smallest portion of the glory of God should be withdrawn.

——John Calvin, Commentary onTHE EPISTLES OF PAUL to the GALATIANS AND EPHESIANS,  trans. by William Pringle (Baker Books, 2009), pp. 156-57

 

另一個譯本:

⋯⋯這位使徒應該是願意所有人都得救,沒有一個人滅亡的⋯⋯因為神所託付我們的,是所有人——毫無例外——的救恩,正如基督是為全世界的罪而受苦的。⋯⋯

for God commends to us the salvation of all men without exception, even as Christ suffered for the sins of the whole world….

——John Calvin, Calvin’s New Testament Commentary: GALATIANS, EPHESIANS,  PHILIPPIANS AND COLOSSIANS, trans. by T. H. L. Parker (Eerdmans, 1965), p. 99

待續

另見:

加爾文相信「有限代贖論」嗎?

加爾文相信「有限代贖論」嗎?(2)

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文士受教作天國的門徒
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