加爾文論成聖

摘錄自邁克‧何頓(Michael Horton)著,麥種翻譯小組譯,《基督徒的信仰》(麥種,2016年九月),第20章

加爾文在評論約翰福音十七章耶穌的大祭司禱告時,就這點提供了有用的洞見。信徒「藉真理成聖」,真理就是神的道(17節),「因為這裏的道是指福音的教義」:加爾文在這裏挑戰那些「狂熱分子」(編按:指當時的重洗派),他們想像一種成聖是來自外在的聖道以外的「內在之言」。 [9] 耶穌在禱告中說:「我為他們的緣故,自己分別為聖」(19節)。

藉著這些話,祂更清楚地解釋成聖來自甚麼源頭;藉著福音的教義,成聖在我們裏面得以完全。是因為祂自己分別為聖歸於父,以致祂的聖潔可以臨到我們;因為正如給初熟果子的福分擴展到整個收成,神的聖靈也同樣藉著基督的聖潔潔淨我們,使我們有分於這聖潔。這也不單藉著歸算造成,因為在這方面,聖經說祂成為我們的義,但聖經也同樣說祂成為我們的成聖(林前一30),因為—我們可以這樣說—祂以自己的位格將我們引到祂的父面前,使我們可以被祂的聖靈更新,達到真正的聖潔。此外,雖然這成聖屬於基督的整個生平,但它最高的彰顯是祂藉著死所獻上的祭;因為那時祂藉著祂聖靈的大能將聖殿、祭壇、所有器皿和百姓分別為聖,顯明自己是真正的大祭司。 [10]

[9] John Calvin, Commentary on the Gospel According to John (trans. William Pringle; Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1840; repr., Grand Rapids: Baker, 1996), 179-80=加爾文著,吳玲玲譯,《約翰福音註釋》(北京:華夏出版社,2015),543頁。

[10] 同上,180-81=加爾文著,《約翰福音註釋》,544頁。

編按:加爾文《約翰福音註釋》的中譯本,在此有個比較嚴重的誤譯,就是將 “imputation" 譯為「將我們的罪歸在他身上」。根據上下文,這裏不是指「歸罪」,而是「歸義」,就是「將基督的義歸在我們身上」。全段英譯如下

19. And for their sakes I sanctify myself. By these words he explains more clearly from what source that sanctification flows, which is completed in us by the doctrine of the Gospel. It is, because he consecrated himself to the Father, that his holiness might come to us; for as the blessing on the first-fruits is spread over the whole harvest, so the Spirit of God cleanses us by the holiness of Christ and makes us partakers of it. Nor is this done by imputation only, for in that respect he is said to have been made to us righteousness; but he is likewise said to have been made to us sanctification, (1 Corinthians 1:30,) because he has, so to speak, presented us to his Father in his own person, that we may be renewed to true holiness by his Spirit. Besides, though this sanctification belongs to the whole life of Christ, yet the highest illustration of it was given in the sacrifice of his death; for then he showed himself to be the true High Priest, by consecrating the temple, the altar, all the vessels, and the people, by the power of his Spirit.

IMG_0332 copythe-christian-faith (1)

About akowcm

文士受教作天國的門徒
本篇發表於 Uncategorized。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

發表迴響

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com 標誌

您的留言將使用 WordPress.com 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Twitter picture

您的留言將使用 Twitter 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Facebook照片

您的留言將使用 Facebook 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

連結到 %s