路德與保羅

路德與保羅

魏斯特鴻(Stephen Westerholm)

眾所週知,路德傾向於看見自己的處境反映在聖經經文中(如果這也算是一個缺點);而(這麼一來,他最大的缺點就在於)當他從事辯論性的寫作時,他的措辭和語調往往是非常糟糕的。

但是,我們只要讀讀他幾頁(只要願意,盡量多讀)的作品就會發現,在關鍵的方面,他與使徒[保羅]居住在同一個世界,呼吸著相同的空氣。兩人都被一股巨大而不間斷的意識驅策著,就是要向他們的創造者負責。

對於他們二人而言,神在基督裏之恩典的信息都是可觸可摸之自由與喜樂的源頭,是驚人之παρρησία(膽量)的源頭。對於他們二人而言,十字架的信息喚醒人對神的信心,這信心是活潑的、忙碌的、積極的、大有能力的;對於他們二人而言,沒有信心的行為乃是死的。

若察覺到任何人企圖削弱神的信息或侵犯神的特權,兩人都絲毫不曾掩飾自己的震驚與憤怒。這樣志趣相投給予路德難以估量的優勢,比保羅的許多讀者更能「捕捉」使徒作品的精髓。

在許多細微的地方,路德可能是最不具啟發作用的。然而,對於那些想要見樹也見林的人,我仍然傾向於提議一趟旅程,翻翻晚近保羅學術界的垃圾箱——閱讀書信,重新取回並檢驗這位改教家被丟棄的眼鏡。

_摘譯自 Stephen Westerholm, “The ‘New Perspective’ at Twenty-Five,” in Justification and Variegated Nomism: The Paradoxes of Paul (eds. D.A. Carson, Peter T. O’Brien, and Mark A. Seifrid, vol. 2, 181st ed.; Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament; Grand Rapids, MI; Tübingen: Baker Academic; Mohr Siebeck, 2004), 38.詳參作者的經典作品:魏斯特鴻著,《保羅神學:新舊觀》(麥種:2014)。

Admittedly, Luther is prone to seeing his own circumstances reflected in biblical texts (if this is a fault); and (herein lies a very great fault), when he writes polemically, his terms and tone are often monumentally lamentable.

Still, one has only to read a few pages of his writings (most any will do) to realize that, in crucial respects, he inhabits the same world, and breathes the same air, as the apostle. Both are driven by a massive, unremitting sense of answerability to their Maker.

For both, the message of God’s grace in Christ is a source of palpable liberty and joy, and of prodigious παρρησία. For both, the faith in God awakened by the message of the cross is a living, busy, active, mighty thing; for both, works without faith are dead.

Neither makes the slightest gesture toward cloaking his horror and indignation at any perceived tampering with the divine kerygma or infringement of divine prerogatives. Such kindredness of spirit gives Luther an inestimable advantage over many readers of Paul in ‘capturing’ the essence of the apostle’s writings.

On numerous points of detail, Luther may be the last to illumine. For those, however, who would see forest as well as trees, I am still inclined to propose a trip to the dustbins of recent Pauline scholarship—to retrieve and try out, on a reading of the epistles, the discarded spectacles of the Reformer.

–Stephen Westerholm, “The ‘New Perspective’ at Twenty-Five,” in Justification and Variegated Nomism: The Paradoxes of Paul (eds. D.A. Carson, Peter T. O’Brien, and Mark A. Seifrid, vol. 2, 181st ed.; Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament; Grand Rapids, MI; Tübingen: Baker Academic; Mohr Siebeck, 2004), 38.

保羅神學新舊觀正面

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